History in 5 minutes

The history of the area in 5 minutes:

8th century B.C. During Iron age a small village was created in Cabezo del Estanyo. Now located in the Rinconada place.

7th century B.C. Phoenician city “La Fonteta” was founded along the coast at the end of Segura river.

5th century B.C. Cabezo Lucero. Foundation of Iberian village and necropolis in the hill near of the river

3th century B.C. The area is incorporated in Roman Impire, between Illici (Elche) and Carthago Nova (Cartagena), it was built via Augusta, the largest roman road in Hispania, 1500 km from Cádiz to Pyrenees.

From 2th century B.C. to 7th century B.C. The surroundings of Orihuela rule be Visigothic kingdom.

713. Tudmir Pact. The Visigoth king Teodomiro and the governor of north Africa Abdelaziz surrender the zone to muslim domination.

10th century. In Guardamar was built the Caliphal “Rabida”. Is one of the most important excavation as the dunes were covering the site and leaving the current archaeological site hided for centuries. It is one of the oldest preserved rabidas of the Islamic West.

In the beginning of the 14th century, Rojales village adopted its current name (Rojales-Roxales) and location. It was built a collection of urban hydraulic monuments, which split the village on both sides of River Segura. This defined the village’s physiognomy.

1692. Guardamar, with Rojales, was segregation of Orihuela and it has a status of Village.

1720. The wetland area was dried and new croplands were created by “Cardenal Belluga”.

1773. Rojales gets the independence of Guardamar and increase the population thanks to a breakthrough in its agricultural activity, which played a very important role in the economy.

1790. Finished the Brige of Carlos III, which replaced other more vulnerable structures made out of wood.

1829. An earthquake struck the region of Low Segura and many villages like Rojales, Benejúzar, Guardamar, Almoradi or Torrevieja were almost completely destroyed.

1936 – 1939. Spanish civil war. In Rojales were built trenches in the “Cabezo de las Particiones”. At the moment, you can see these infrastructures of war very near to the town.

1973. The beginning of a dream of “Justo Quesada” was born. He began the construction of Ciudad Quesada which currently has more than 16.000 habitants. It has a branch of Rojales council with public services.

1978 Spanish constitution. Franco the dictator died three years before.

1991. The borough of Rodeo renovates 15 caves that nowadays have become an space for handicraft workshops, exhibitions and craft market. It is located in renovated spaces owned by council of Rojales.

2014. First “Rodearte”, an event with an historical recreation of the customs and traditions of Iberian settlements. Many activities took place such as workshops, art market, visual shows with choreographed battles and dance performances.

2015. The proyect of the rehabilitation of the art N ground cave was made during this year. The art N ground Team manages since Februray the The Mengolero exhibition hall. There starts PR with a proper image and website and a lot of emergent artist showed their works in this year.

2016. We opened our residence.

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